California Geography - Study Guide
- Where and what influence did the Spanish have on California place names?
- What is the tallest and lowest point in California?
- Know all of the greatest physical diversity records, such as: what is the
oldest, largest, and tallest trees in California (3 separate trees)
- How much land does the government own?
- What is subduction?
- What is igneous intrusive versus igneous extrusive (give examples)?
- What is a "batholithe" and how is it created?
- What is "melange"?
- What mountains range is it best associated?
What is an "exfoliated dome?"
- How were the Sierra Nevada formed? (know all of the geologic reasons)
- Why is the Sierra Nevada a "fault-block" mountain range?
- The Sierra Nevada is mostly composed of what rock type?
- How was the Great Basin formed?
- Why are the Klamath Mountains called the "Klamath Knot?"
- The Klamath Mountains is mostly composed of what rock type?
- What are the special type of soils and how does this affect local vegetation?
- What is a "refugio" plant? (give some examples)
- Where are earthquakes the most dangerous in general?
- Note some of the most powerful earthquakes in California.
- Note the orientation of most earthquake faults in the Coast Range.
- Understand the likelihood of an earthquake in the S.F. Bay Area.
- Understand the major and significant characteristics of each landform province,
especially what is emphasized in class. (particularly what distinguishes each
landform province apart from the others.)
- What type of Koppen climates would you find in:
- San Francisco
- San Diego
- What is the dominant reason for California's dry, rainless summers?
How do the discussed causes affect California's climate
(latitude, continentality, currents, pressure, and mountains)
- What are the three common types of precipitation?
- Where are you likely to find "orographic precipitation"?
- What is a "rainshadow" and where can they be found?
- What is high pressure and low pressure and how does it influence California's weather and climate?
- Understand how localized wind systems work in California (e.g. local sea breezes or the "Santa Ana" winds).
- Generally speaking, how is a "temperature inversion" formed and where would
you find them in California?
- Know the major rivers in California (top 3 in order)?
- How have humans perceived and then engineered their way out of limited water in certain regions of the State?
- How is groundwater typically formed?
- Understand "meander formations".
- what is a cut bank and point bar?
- Understand what is a delta and how generally they are formed.
- Understand what is a flood plain.
- Understand where and how natural levees are formed.